Babri Masjid demolition case: Timeline of events

Babri Masjid, a mosque in Uttar Pradesh’s Ayodhya was demolished on 6 December 1992 by frenzied kar sevaks who were mobilized by L K Advani’s rath yatra.

The Mosque built in 1528–29 CE (935 AH) by Mir Baqi, on orders of the Mughal emperor Babur was located on a hill known as Ramkot and a section of the Hindu community claimed that the Mughals destroyed a structure marking the birthplace of Rama (Ram Janmabhoomi) to build it. However, the Muslim community denied the claims.

The demolition of Babri Masjid marked an important point in independent India’s history and raised questions over the democracy’s future as a secular nation.

For decades, the Babri-Masjid-Ram-Janmabhoomi dispute has been a heart-wrenching issue and entangled in legal suits involving the religious groups of the Hindu and Muslim communities.

Here is a timeline of events related to the demolition of Babri Masjid

1528: Mughal Emperor Babur’s commander Mir Baqi built the Mosque.

1885: Mahant Raghubir Das files plea, seeking permission to build a temple outside the disputed structure. Court dismisses the petition.

1949: Idols of Ram placed under central dome outside the disputed structure, Muslims complain and file suit.

1950: Hindu Priest Paramhansa Ramachandra Das files suit in Faizabad district court, demanding the right to worship the idols of Ram Lalla inside the mosque. He continuously files suits for the next nine years.

1959: Nirmohi Akhara files suit demanding possession of the site.

1961: UP Sunni Central Waqf Board files suit, seeking possession of the disputed structure.

1986: Local court orders the government to open the gates of the mosque to Hindu worshippers.

1989: Allahabad HC orders status quo in respect of the disputed mosque.

1990: L.K. Advani begins “Rath Yatra”.

1992: Kar Sevaks demolish Babri Masjid demolished on December 6. FIRs filed in the case against unknown kar sevaks and BJP leaders L K Advani, M M Joshi and others for allegedly giving communal speeches before tearing down the mosque.

1993: Composite charge sheet filed by CBI accusing Advani and several others of conspiracy.

May 2001: Special CBI court dismisses proceedings against L.K. Advani, M.M. Joshi, Uma Bharti, Shiv Sena’s Bal Thackeray and others.

2004: Allahabad HC drops proceedings against BJP leaders on technical grounds.

2010: Allahabad HC rules three-way division of disputed area between Sunni Waqf Board, Nirmohi Akhara and Ram Lalla.

2011: SC suspends HC verdict on Ayodhya land dispute after Hindu and Muslim groups appeal.

2017: The Top Court indicates to consider restoring conspiracy charge against BJP leaders in the mosque demolition case.

2019: SC bench led by Chief Justice Ranjan Gogoi grants entire ownership of disputed land in Ayodhya to deity Ram Lalla, directs the government to allot an alternative five-acre plot to Muslims to build a mosque.

2020: Special Judge S.K. Yadav delivers judgment in the Babri Masjid demolition case, all accused acquitted.

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